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Cell Growth & Differentiation, Vol 9, Issue 4 297-303, Copyright © 1998 by American Association of Cancer Research


ARTICLES

Distinct mechanisms control the accumulation of the Rb-related p107 and p130 proteins during cell growth

EJ Smith, G Leone and JR Nevins
Department of Genetics, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA.

A variety of studies have demonstrated the critical role of the Rb/E2F pathway in the control of cell growth and have highlighted a complexity in the accumulation of both the E2F family proteins and the Rb family of proteins. Whereas the Rb protein is found in both growing and quiescent cells, the accumulation of p130 and p107 is tightly regulated with respect to the growth state of the cell. The p130 protein is found in quiescent cells but not in growing cells, whereas the inverse is true for the p107 protein. Control of p130 accumulation is posttranscriptional, because p130 RNA is relatively constant in growing and quiescent cells. The disappearance of the p130 protein after stimulation of cell growth coincides with cyclin-dependent kinase-mediated phosphorylation and is blocked by inhibitors of the 26S proteasome. In contrast, the cell growth-dependent regulation of p107 expression reflects the transcriptional regulation of the p107 gene. Similar to several other growth-regulated genes, the control of p107 expression is largely the result of E2F-dependent repression in quiescent cells. These experiments thus demonstrate a control of Rb family member expression mediated through distinct mechanisms of both transcriptional and posttranslational control and also suggest an intimate relationship in which p130 controls the expression of p107.


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HOME HELP FEEDBACK SUBSCRIPTIONS ARCHIVE SEARCH TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 1998 by the American Association of Cancer Research.