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Cell Growth & Differentiation, Vol 9, Issue 3 267-276, Copyright © 1998 by American Association of Cancer Research


ARTICLES

Induction of the nuclear orphan receptor RORgamma during adipocyte differentiation of D1 and 3T3-L1 cells

S Austin, A Medvedev, ZH Yan, H Adachi, T Hirose and AM Jetten
Laboratory of Pulmonary Pathobiology, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, NIH, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA.

Here, we analyzed the expression of the three members of the retinoid-like orphan receptor (ROR) nuclear receptor subfamily during adipocyte differentiation. RORalpha and RORgamma mRNA were upregulated during adipocyte differentiation in preadipocyte D1 and 3T3-L1 cells, whereas RORbeta mRNA could not be detected. The induction of RORalpha and RORgamma mRNA succeeded the induction of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) and CCAAT/enhancer binding protein alpha and occurred at a similar time interval as did the increase in aP2 and lipoprotein lipase mRNA. Like the expression of PPARgamma and aP2, the induction of RORgamma mRNA was repressed by tumor necrosis factor alpha and transforming growth factor beta. The induction of adipogenesis by prostaglandin D2 and two thiazolidinediones in the multipotent stem cells C3H10T1/2 was also accompanied by an induction in RORgamma mRNA. In contrast to parental cells, clofibrate induces adipogenesis and RORalpha and RORgamma mRNA in BALB/c3T3 cells that ectopically express PPARgamma. RORgamma mediates its effect on transcription through specific response elements. Cotransfection of RORalpha or RORgamma and (RORgamma response element)4-chloramphenicol acetyltransferase into preadipocyte D1 cells induced transactivation of chloramphenicol acetyltransferase about 100-fold, suggesting that ROR plays a role in the regulation of gene expression in adipocytes. The nuclear orphan receptor Rev-ErbAalpha, which did not exhibit transactivation function, was able to inhibit transactivation by RORgamma at two different levels. Our results show that RORgamma is induced during adipocyte differentiation in D1 and 3T3-L1 cells and functions as an active transcription factor, suggesting a role for RORgamma in the regulation of gene expression during this differentiation process.


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Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 1998 by the American Association of Cancer Research.