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Cell Growth & Differentiation, Vol 9, Issue 12 999-1005, Copyright © 1998 by American Association of Cancer Research


ARTICLES

The COOH-terminal domain of the focal adhesion kinase induces loss of adhesion and cell death in human tumor cells

LH Xu, X Yang, RJ Craven and WG Cance
Department of Surgery, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine, 27599, USA.

Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is a tyrosine kinase that is linked to signaling pathways between cells and their extracellular matrix. An alternate transcript of the COOH-terminal region of the FAK gene, called FAK-related nonkinase, has been shown to act as an inhibitor of FAK in chicken embryo fibroblasts. We have designed an analogous segment of human FAK, FAK COOH-terminal domain (FAK-CD), and transfected this construct into human tumor cells. Expression of FAK-CD inhibited cell growth in BT474 human breast cancer cells and C8161 human melanoma cells. To characterize the nature of growth inhibition, we developed an inducible system of FAK-CD expression and demonstrated that the induced FAK-CD protein localized to focal adhesions, causing cellular rounding, an irreversible loss of adhesion, and subsequent cell death. In addition, expression of FAK-CD reduced tyrosine phosphorylation of FAK, suggesting that FAK-CD may be a potent inhibitor of FAK in human tumor cells.


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HOME HELP FEEDBACK SUBSCRIPTIONS ARCHIVE SEARCH TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 1998 by the American Association of Cancer Research.