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Cell Growth & Differentiation, Vol 9, Issue 11 939-947, Copyright © 1998 by American Association of Cancer Research


ARTICLES

Identification of structural characteristics that contribute to a difference in antiapoptotic function between human insulin and insulin-like growth factor 1 receptors

H Chen, GC Yan and ML Gishizky
SUGEN, Inc., South San Francisco, California 94080, USA.

To determine whether potentiation of cell survival is an intrinsic function among the insulin receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) family, we compared the ability of insulin receptor (IR) and insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-IR) cytoplasmic tails to attenuate apoptosis. Expression and activation of IGF-IR, in interleukin-3 (IL-3)-dependent 32Dcl.3 cells, prevents death under conditions of IL-3 withdrawal. In contrast, a chimeric receptor comprising the extracellular portion of IGF-IR fused to the cytoplasmic tail of IR (chIR) fails to promote cell survival when activated with ligand. Both chIR and IGF-IR exhibit comparable levels of enzymatic activity as evidenced by their ability to autophosphorylate and transphosphorylate the shc protein in vivo. Both chIR and IGF-IR can activate the MAPK signal transduction pathway; however, neither RTK is capable of promoting mitogenesis in the absence of IRS proteins. Structure function analysis of the IR cytoplasmic tail reveals that replacing the COOH-terminal 94 amino acids of the IR cytoplasmic tail with the comparable sequence from IGF-IR confers full antiapoptotic function. Furthermore, mutation of only two amino acids within IR, Phe-1264 and His-1265 to tyrosine (chIR/YY) is sufficient to impart a cell survival activity comparable to wild-type IGF-IR. Amino acid residues Phe-1264 and His-1265 of IR are in a region comparable to Tyr-1250 and Tyr-1251 within human IGF-IR. The amino acid sequence of IR from other species contains at least one tyrosine residue in this region, suggesting that differences in antiapoptotic function we observed may represent a characteristic unique to human members of this RTK family. The ability of IGF-IR or chIR/YY to prevent apoptosis is not blocked by addition of the PI3K inhibitor wortmannin. These studies define a critical region responsible for mediating cell survival through a novel interaction that is independent of mitogenesis.


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HOME HELP FEEDBACK SUBSCRIPTIONS ARCHIVE SEARCH TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 1998 by the American Association of Cancer Research.