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Cell Growth & Differentiation, Vol 8, Issue 9 1015-1027, Copyright © 1997 by American Association of Cancer Research


ARTICLES

Immortalized connexin43 knockout cell lines display a subset of biological properties associated with the transformed phenotype

KD Martyn, WE Kurata, BJ Warn-Cramer, JM Burt, E TenBroek and AF Lau
Molecular Carcinogenesis Program, Cancer Research Center, University of Hawaii at Manoa 96813, USA.

Immortalized cells from embryonic connexin43 knockout mice (Cx43-/-) and homozygous littermates (Cx43+/+) were cloned and characterized to determine whether the absence of Cx43 function would induce observable phenotypic changes. Cells of the Cx43+/+ clones expressed Cx43 and engaged in gap junctional communication with 10-12 neighboring cells. The Cx43-/- cells were devoid of Cx43 and communicated to less than 1 cell. Electrophysiological analysis indicated that the Cx43-/- cells communicated through Cx45 channels from 8-80-fold less than did the Cx43+/+ subclones, which seemed to communicate through Cx43 and Cx45 channels. The Cx43-/- clones grew at faster rates and to higher saturation densities, had a more spindly morphology, were more refractile, and adhered less well to the substratum than did the Cx43+/+ clones. Reintroducing the Cx43 gene into the Cx43-/- clones resulted in three subclones that communicated to 3-4 cells. Partial restoration of gap junctional communication in the three subclones was accompanied by reduced growth rates and saturation densities (2-fold compared to that of parental Cx43-/- clones) but no reversions in morphology or cell-substratum adhesion. The increased growth rates and saturation densities, altered morphology, and decreased cell adhesion displayed by the Cx43-/- clones reflect a subset of the properties of transformed cells. These studies advance the hypothesis that loss of Cx43 function during development may cause cells to acquire a preneoplastic condition.


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HOME HELP FEEDBACK SUBSCRIPTIONS ARCHIVE SEARCH TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 1997 by the American Association of Cancer Research.