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Cell Growth & Differentiation, Vol 8, Issue 5 571-579, Copyright © 1997 by American Association of Cancer Research


ARTICLES

Time correlation of commitment to calcium-induced apoptosis and terminal differentiation in human ectocervical keratinocytes in suspension cultures

K Kikuchi, K Tsutsumi, Y Ohta and S Yasumoto
Laboratory of Molecular Cell Biology, Kanagawa Cancer Center Research Institute, Yokohama, Japan.

The terminal differentiation of epithelial keratinocytes has been proposed to be a specialized form of programmed cell death (apoptosis). We examined the time correlation of apoptosis and terminal differentiation by human ectocervical keratinocytes in a suspension culture that induces either of these events in epithelial cells. We found that a loss of cell anchorage did not result in the immediate onset of apoptotic DNA degradation but sensitized the cells to that triggered by calcium. This susceptibility appeared in parallel with the irreversible loss of growth potential and the accumulation of involucrin, suggesting that the ectocervical keratinocytes in suspension become competent to calcium-inducible apoptosis as they committed to terminal differentiation. Cycloheximide, which inhibited the calcium induction of DNA fragmentation, was also inhibitory to terminal differentiation. These correlations support the notion that terminal differentiation of keratinocytes couples with apoptosis. Apoptosis seemed to be independent of p53 because it was down-regulated in suspension cultures of ectocervical keratinocytes.


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HOME HELP FEEDBACK SUBSCRIPTIONS ARCHIVE SEARCH TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 1997 by the American Association of Cancer Research.