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Cell Growth & Differentiation, Vol 8, Issue 2 261-268, Copyright © 1997 by American Association of Cancer Research


ARTICLES

Decreased activity of inducible nitric oxide synthase type 2 and modulation of the expression of glutathione S-transferase alpha, bcl-2, and metallothioneins during the differentiation of CaCo-2 cells

F Vecchini, E Pringault, TR Billiar, DA Geller, P Hausel and E Felley-Bosco
Institut de Pharmacologie et Toxicologie, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Reactive oxygen species modulate the cell growth of a wide variety of mammalian cells. To determine whether oxidative metabolism is altered during the differentiation process, we studied the expression of pro- and antioxidant proteins in proliferating and differentiated CaCo-2 cells, a human colon adenocarcinoma cell line. Nitric oxide synthase type 2 (iNOS) produces nitric oxide (NO). Depending on its rate of synthesis, NO may either promote cellular and DNA damage or reduce the ability of other free radicals to induce cell injury. Using Western and Northern blot analysis and arginine conversion assay, we demonstrate that the expression of iNOS decreases when cells undergo differentiation. This biological event entails a diminished production of NO metabolites and correlates with the loss of activation of soluble guanylate cyclase activity. In differentiated cells, a 2-fold down-regulation of the nuclear factor kappa B activity was observed, suggesting that nuclear factor kappa B could be one of the iNOS gene regulatory factors in the CaCo-2 model. In parallel, we studied the expression of other antioxidant proteins including glutathione S-transferase alpha (GST alpha), bcl-2, and the metallothioneins (MTs). We show that the protein levels of GST alpha and MT increase during the differentiation of CaCo-2 cells, whereas bcl-2 levels decrease. Our investigation indicates that the expression of iNOS, GST alpha, bcl-2, and MT is associated with the enterocytic differentiation. The shift in the expression of specific antioxidant genes during CaCo-2 cell differentiation may occur to avoid alterations in the cell redox potential.


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HOME HELP FEEDBACK SUBSCRIPTIONS ARCHIVE SEARCH TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 1997 by the American Association of Cancer Research.