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Cell Growth & Differentiation, Vol 8, Issue 10 1105-1114, Copyright © 1997 by American Association of Cancer Research


ARTICLES

Inactivation of G2 checkpoint function and chromosomal destabilization are linked in human fibroblasts expressing human papillomavirus type 16 E6

WK Kaufmann, JL Schwartz, JC Hurt, LL Byrd, DA Galloway, E Levedakou and RS Paules
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, and Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 27599-7295, USA.

Chromosomal stability was linked to G2 checkpoint function in human fibroblasts expressing the human papillomavirus type 16 E6 oncoprotein. Soon after expression of E6, cells displayed an undamaged, diploid karyotype and normal mitotic delay after gamma-irradiation. As the E6-expressing cells aged through their in vitro life span, G2 checkpoint function diminished progressively. After 30-70 population doublings, 60-86% of the E6 cells displayed defective G2 checkpoint response. This attenuation of G2 checkpoint function was also associated with radiation-resistant cyclin B1/CDK1 protein kinase activity. Numerical and structural abnormalities of chromosomes developed in unirradiated E6 cells with kinetics that mirrored the loss of G2 checkpoint function. A significant correlation between inactivation of the G2 checkpoint and acquisition of chromosomal abnormalities was found, suggesting that the G2 checkpoint represents a barrier to genetic instability in cells lacking G1 checkpoint function.


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HOME HELP FEEDBACK SUBSCRIPTIONS ARCHIVE SEARCH TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 1997 by the American Association of Cancer Research.