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Cell Growth & Differentiation, Vol 7, Issue 8 1005-1012, Copyright © 1996 by American Association of Cancer Research


ARTICLES

Suppression of c-jun by antisense oligonucleotides inhibits cell adhesion but not respiratory burst during phorbol ester-induced differentiation of U937 human monoblastic cells

N Momiyama, H Shimada and M Mitsuhashi
Second Department of Surgery, Yokohama City University School of Medicine, Japan.

We studied the role of the immediate early gene c-jun in cell proliferation and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)-induced differentiation in U937 human monoblastic cells, using c-jun-specific antisense (AS) phosphorothioate oligonucleotides. In selecting the most specific and potent oligonucleotide sequence, we performed extensive analyses for the binding specificity between all candidates of c-jun AS oligonucleotides and the whole sequences in GenBank database, using a computer program. Among the 20 selected oligonucleotides, two potent 15-mer AS oligonucleotides (C-JUN AS oligonucleotides) exhibited significant inhibition of cell growth in a dose-dependent manner between 2 and 10 microM. Reverse transcription-PCR and Western blot analysis demonstrated that 10 microM of C-JUN AS oligonucleotides reduced c-jun expression at both the mRNA and protein levels. More importantly, C-JUN AS oligonucleotides showed distinct effects on two markers of PMA-induced differentiation; the C-JUN AS oligonucleotides inhibited cell adhesion, whereas they did not affect another marker of differentiation, respiratory burst (measured by nitro blue tetrazolium reduction assay). These results suggest a critical role of c-jun in both cell proliferation and PMA-induced cell adhesion but not in PMA-induced respiratory burst in U937 cells.


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Am. J. Physiol. Lung Cell. Mol. Physiol.Home page
B. K. Boles, J. Ritzenthaler, T. Birkenmeier, and J. Roman
Phorbol ester-induced U-937 differentiation: effects on integrin alpha 5 gene transcription
Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol, April 1, 2000; 278(4): L703 - L712.
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]




HOME HELP FEEDBACK SUBSCRIPTIONS ARCHIVE SEARCH TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 1996 by the American Association of Cancer Research.