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Cell Growth & Differentiation, Vol 7, Issue 7 953-959, Copyright © 1996 by American Association of Cancer Research


ARTICLES

Localization of protein kinase C alpha isoform expression in the human gastrointestinal tract

TJ McGarrity, LP Peiffer, EB Neely, RG Palavarapu, WA Koltun, P Parker and MK Howett
Department of Medicine, University Hospital, Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Pennsylvania State University, Hershey 17033, USA.

Protein kinase C (PKC) includes a family of related proteins which constitutes a major signal transduction pathway. The aim of this study was to determine the localization of the PKC-alpha isoform throughout the human gastrointestinal tract. PKC-alpha expression was also measured and compared between normal and neoplastic colorectal tissue. PKC-alpha mRNA expression was detected in normal human gastrointestinal tract tissue using Northern blot analyses and in situ hybridization. PKC-alpha protein expression was detected in normal gastrointestinal tissue and colorectal neoplasia using Western blot and immunohistochemical analyses. PKC-alpha was expressed throughout the human gastrointestinal tract. Distinct organ and cellular localization was characterized. PKC-alpha mRNA and protein localization were most prevalent in the deep basal layer of the esophageal mucosa. In the stomach, PKC-alpha expression was detected predominately in the cells of the deep glands and surface epithelial cells but less in the mucous neck cells of the gastric pits. In the duodenum and ileum, PKC-alpha mRNA expression was greater in the deeper crypt cells than in the differentiated cells that line the villi. However, immunohistochemistry showed greater expression in the cells of the villi compared to crypt cells. In normal colonic tissue, PKC-alpha mRNA and protein predominated in the cells of the upper crypt and surface epithelial cells. PKC-alpha protein was also prominently expressed in the glands of colorectal adenocarcinoma. There was no quantitative difference in the level of PKC-alpha protein expression between normal and neoplastic colorectal tissue. The specific organ and cellular expression of PKC-alpha suggests separate and distinct functional roles for this PKC isoform throughout the gastrointestinal tissues.


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HOME HELP FEEDBACK SUBSCRIPTIONS ARCHIVE SEARCH TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 1996 by the American Association of Cancer Research.