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Cell Growth & Differentiation, Vol 7, Issue 2 235-241, Copyright © 1996 by American Association of Cancer Research


ARTICLES

Activation of the Xenopus oocyte mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway by Mos is independent of Raf

EK Shibuya, J Morris, UR Rapp and JV Ruderman
Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.

Synthesis of the protein kinase Mos is required for progesterone-induced activation of MAP kinase, M-phase promoting factor (MPF), and meiotic maturation of Xenopus oocytes. Mos can function as a MAP kinase kinase kinase, leading to activation of MAP kinase; how Mos causes activation of MPF is not yet known. The protein kinase Raf, which acts as a MAP kinase kinase kinase in somatic cells, also appears to be involved in meiotic maturation, but recent work has suggested that the Raf acts downstream of Mos activity during oocyte maturation. Using an oocyte cell-free system, we report here that a dominant negative Raf, which inhibits Ras-induced MAP kinase activation, does not block Mos-induced activation in vitro. These results indicate that, in contrast to previous conclusions, Mos-induced oocyte MAP kinase activation proceeds independently of Raf. Using a dominant-negative MAP kinase construct, we also show that most of the mitogen-induced hyperphosphorylation and dramatic gel retardation of Raf, which is often taken as a marker for the activation of Raf by upstream components, is actually dependent on, and thus downstream of, MAP kinase activation.


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HOME HELP FEEDBACK SUBSCRIPTIONS ARCHIVE SEARCH TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 1996 by the American Association of Cancer Research.