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Cell Growth & Differentiation, Vol 7, Issue 2 179-186, Copyright © 1996 by American Association of Cancer Research


ARTICLES

Activation of retinoid receptors RAR alpha and RXR alpha induces differentiation and apoptosis, respectively, in HL-60 cells

K Mehta, T McQueen, N Neamati, S Collins and M Andreeff
Department of Bioimmunotherapy, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston 77030, USA.

Induction of granulocytic differentiation in HL-60 myeloid leukemia cells by retinoids is followed by their death via apoptosis. Retinoids are known to mediate their biological effects through at least two distinct types of nuclear receptors, the retinoic acid receptors and retinoid X receptors. We undertook to characterize the potential role of these receptors in inducing differentiation and apoptosis by retinoids. For this, we used a previously described variant of an HL-60 cell line (HL-60R) in which retinoid receptor function has been abrogated due to a trans-dominant negative mutation. Retroviral vector-mediated gene transfer was used to introduce the normal retinoic acid receptor (RAR alpha) or retinoid X receptor (RXR alpha) into HL-60R cells. Our results suggest that ligand-induced activation of RAR alpha is sufficient to induce differentiation in HL-60 cells, whereas activation of RXR alpha can induce direct apoptosis of these cells without their prior commitment to differentiate.


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HOME HELP FEEDBACK SUBSCRIPTIONS ARCHIVE SEARCH TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 1996 by the American Association of Cancer Research.