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Cell Growth & Differentiation, Vol 7, Issue 12 1661-1669, Copyright © 1996 by American Association of Cancer Research


ARTICLES

Re-expression of interleukin 1 in human papillomavirus 18 immortalized keratinocytes inhibits their tumorigenicity in nude mice

DT Merrick, G Winberg and JK McDougall
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington 98104-2092, USA.

The ability to form tumors in nude mice developed spontaneously in the human papillomavirus (HPV)-18 immortalized keratinocyte cell line, 18-11, and is shown here to be accompanied by a loss of interleukin 1 (IL-1) alpha and beta expression at both the RNA and protein level. In addition, a separate tumorigenic 18-11 derivative and two cervical carcinoma-derived cell lines, HeLa and Caski, were found to have significantly decreased or lost IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta expression. Using retroviral expression vectors, we re-established IL-1 expression in tumorigenic 18-11 cells (18-11S3) in an effort to evaluate whether loss of IL-1 expression represented an important phenotypic change in the development of tumorigenicity in these cells. IL-1-expressing 18-11S3 cells showed a range of tumorigenic potential, depending on the type and combination of IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta expressed. Although 18-11S3 expressing the precursor forms of both IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta normally found in keratinocytes showed moderate inhibition of tumorigenicity, other IL-1-expressing lines showed complete inhibition of tumor formation. Co-injection of nontumorigenic, IL-1-expressing 18-11S3 with parental 18-11S3 also inhibited tumor formation. These results suggest that maintenance of IL-1 expression may play an important role in preventing progression to tumorigenicity in cervical carcinoma and other epithelial cancers.


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J.-E. Murphy, R. E. Morales, J. Scott, and T. S. Kupper
IL-1{alpha}, Innate Immunity, and Skin Carcinogenesis: The Effect of Constitutive Expression of IL-1{alpha} in Epidermis on Chemical Carcinogenesis
J. Immunol., June 1, 2003; 170(11): 5697 - 5703.
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]




HOME HELP FEEDBACK SUBSCRIPTIONS ARCHIVE SEARCH TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 1996 by the American Association of Cancer Research.