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Cell Growth & Differentiation, Vol 6, Issue 8 977-984, Copyright © 1995 by American Association of Cancer Research


ARTICLES

Induction of differentiation-regulated transcription factor Oct-6 specifically accompanies major histocompatibility complex class I down-regulation by E1A of oncogenic adenovirus type 12

DS Peeper, GJ Schouten, M Toebes, D Meijer, R Zwart, I van de Woude, H van Schaik, AJ van der Eb and A Zantema
Department of Molecular Carcinogenesis, Sylvius Laboratory, University of Leiden, The Netherlands.

The E1A genes from adenovirus (Ad) types 5 and 12 share the capacity to cooperate with a second oncogene to transform primary rodent cells in vitro. However, only Ad12-transformed cells are oncogenic in immunocompetent rodents, an event that requires conserved region 3 (CR3) of E1A to be intact. Ad12-induced tumorigenicity correlates with the E1A-CR3-dependent down-modulation of MHC class I transcription, contributing to escape from CTL-mediated immune surveillance. Expression of MHC class I antigens is also lacking in undifferentiated embryonal carcinoma cells. In these cells, MHC class I expression increases during differentiation in a process possibly involving octamer-binding proteins. We found that both nononcogenic and oncogenic Ad-transformed cells contained the ubiquitously expressed factor Oct-1. In contrast, only oncogenic Ad12-transformed cells that are derived from primary cell cultures expressed an additional octamer-binding factor, which we identified as Oct-6. The induction of Oct-6 expression was at the RNA level and was found to require an intact CR3 domain in Ad12 E1A. Like MHC class I expression, Oct-6 expression was not affected in already established cell lines expressing Ad12 E1A. The presence of Oct-6 in Ad12-transformed cells correlated with an increase in octamer-dependent transcription of a reporter gene, relative to Ad5-transformed cells.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)





HOME HELP FEEDBACK SUBSCRIPTIONS ARCHIVE SEARCH TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 1995 by the American Association of Cancer Research.