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Cell Growth & Differentiation, Vol 6, Issue 4 457-464, Copyright © 1995 by American Association of Cancer Research


ARTICLES

Phenotypic modification of human osteosarcoma cells with the phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate

T Ringbom-Anderson, M Sandberg, G Andersson and KE Akerman
Department of Biochemistry and Pharmacy, Abo Akademi University, Turku, Finland.

Treatment of the U-2 OS human osteosarcoma cell line with the phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) dramatically decreased the rate of DNA synthesis. This decrease in proliferation as well as the change in morphology of the TPA-treated cells can be blocked by the protein kinase C inhibitor GF 109203X. The U-2 OS cells are known to express the c-sis oncogene [platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) B-chain], PDGF-A, and receptors for PDGF, thus providing a potential autocrine loop of growth stimulation. TPA was found to induce the expression of both the PDGF-A and the PDGF-B chains. However, the levels of the PDGF receptor beta subunits and of the PDGF-BB inducable tyrosine phosphorylation of the PDGF receptor were markedly reduced. The TPA treatment of the U-2 OS cells also induced changes typical for maturing bone cells, such as increased expression levels of alkaline phosphatase and osteopontin. The expression levels of type I collagen and bone sialoprotein were reduced. The results show a TPA-dependent down-regulation of the PDGF receptor beta subunits that correlates with an increased expression of osteoblast phenotypic markers.





HOME HELP FEEDBACK SUBSCRIPTIONS ARCHIVE SEARCH TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 1995 by the American Association of Cancer Research.