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Cell Growth & Differentiation, Vol 6, Issue 11 1463-1476, Copyright © 1995 by American Association of Cancer Research


ARTICLES

Modulation of retinoblastoma and retinoblastoma-related proteins in regenerating rat liver and primary hepatocytes

G Fan, R Xu, MW Wessendorf, X Ma, BT Kren and CJ Steer
Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis 55455, USA.

Protein expression of the retinoblastoma (Rb) tumor suppressor gene product was examined by immunoblot analysis of nuclei isolated from regenerating rat liver after 70% partial hepatectomy (PH). Levels were almost undetectable in quiescent 0-h livers but increased 15- to 60-fold 3 to 24 h post-PH, 105-fold at 30 h, and 20- to 50-fold at 60 to 72 h post-PH. Expression returned to near baseline levels at 18, 42, and 48 h post-PH. A similar pattern of Rb protein expression in the regenerating liver was observed by indirect immunofluorescence microscopy, with peak nuclear expression at 30 h post-PH. Rb-related proteins with apparent molecular masses of 300, 156, and 74 kDa were detected in regenerating liver using mAbs to the Rb protein. Their expression increased 6- to 8-fold during regeneration, and only p156 returned to baseline levels at 60 h post-PH. Rb and its related proteins were detected in cultured primary hepatocytes, and although total protein levels did not change appreciably, there was a dramatic shift from cytosol into nuclei through 96 h. The half-life of the Rb protein was determined to be 1.9 h in regenerating liver and 2.2 h in cultured primary hepatocytes. Rb protein abundance in synchronized HuH-7 human hepatoma cells was cell cycle dependent and exhibited peak nuclear expression during S phase. Rb protein was detected primarily in its hyperphosphorylated state during liver regeneration and through the cell cycle of the HuH-7 cells. In vivo administration of transforming growth factor beta 1, an inhibitor of DNA synthesis in regenerating liver, resulted in reduced expression of Rb as well as its protein partners, cell cycle-dependent kinase 4 and cyclin E. The results suggest that in the regenerating rat liver and in synchronized HuH-7 cells, expression of Rb protein is modulated in a cell cycle-dependent fashion, remains primarily in a hyperphosphorylated state, and exhibits a relatively short half-life. The inhibition of Rb protein expression by transforming growth factor beta 1 may be linked to its simultaneous suppression of cell cycle-dependent kinase 4 and cyclin E protein levels.


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HOME HELP FEEDBACK SUBSCRIPTIONS ARCHIVE SEARCH TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 1995 by the American Association of Cancer Research.