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Cell Growth & Differentiation, Vol 6, Issue 11 1353-1365, Copyright © 1995 by American Association of Cancer Research


ARTICLES

In situ effects of interferon on human glioma protein kinase C-alpha and -beta ultrastructural localization

M Acevedo-Duncan, J Collins, R Zhang, E Haller, CE Chalfant and DR Cooper
Department of Radiology, Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, James A. Haley Veterans Hospital, Tampa, Florida, USA.

Transmission electron microscopy was used to determine how immunogold labeling of PKC-alpha or -beta is modulated by the antitumor drug IFN (HuIFN alpha-2b) in the cytoplasm, membrane structures, and nucleus of rapidly dividing and confluent human glioma U-373 cells. Results showed that except for nuclear localization, there were no specific cytoplasmic organelles that PKC-alpha or -beta translocated to following HuIFN alpha-2b treatment. Electron micrographs of PKC-beta in proliferating cells depicted 1.34-fold more PKC-beta in the nucleus than in the cytoplasm and a 1-min HuIFN alpha-2b (500 units/ml) treatment transiently increased PKC-beta immunoreactivity in the cytoplasm (1.95-fold) and nucleus (1.97-fold). In confluent cells, incubation with HuIFN alpha-2b for 2 min significantly decreased cytoplasmic PKC-beta immunoreactivity by 37%, and no change was observed in nuclear PKC-beta labeling. PKC-alpha labeling in proliferating cells showed similar immunoreactivity in both control cytoplasm and nucleus. Treatment of proliferating cells with HuIFN alpha-2b for 2 min decreased PKC-alpha in the cytoplasm (59%) and nucleus (44%). In confluent cells, cytoplasmic PKC-alpha labeling decreased 59% at 1 min, 61% at 2 min, and 76% at 10 min of HuIFN alpha-2b treatment. Nuclear PKC-alpha decreased by 65% at 1 min, 80% at 2 min, and 62% at 10 min after HuIFN alpha-2b treatment. Western blots of total PKC-alpha in proliferating and confluent cells and PKC-beta in confluent cells showed similar results. However, Western blots of total PKC-alpha and -beta in proliferating cells did not demonstrate any significant changes in either PKC-alpha or -beta immunoreactivity following 1-min HuIFN alpha-2b treatment. These results suggest that treatment of proliferating U-373 cells with HuIFN alpha-2b for 1 min unfolds and exposes PKC-beta antigenic sites (hinge region) and increases in situ PKC-beta immunogold labeling.





HOME HELP FEEDBACK SUBSCRIPTIONS ARCHIVE SEARCH TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 1995 by the American Association of Cancer Research.