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Cell Growth & Differentiation, Vol 6, Issue 10 1299-1306, Copyright © 1995 by American Association of Cancer Research


ARTICLES

Inhibition of in vitro myogenic differentiation by cellular transcription factor E2F1

J Wang, K Helin, P Jin and B Nadal-Ginard
Department of Cardiology, Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02135, USA.

Terminal differentiation of cultured myocytes requires withdrawal of the cells from the cell cycle. Constitutive overexpression of several oncogenes in myoblasts can inhibit in vitro myogenesis. Here we studied the role of the cellular transcription factor E2F1 on myogenic differentiation. E2F1 expression is irreversibly down-regulated during differentiation of C2C12 myocytes. Furthermore, deregulated E2F1 expression in C2C12 cells prevented myogenic differentiation. This inhibition of myogenesis was associated with the repression of myogenin expression and an elevated cyclin D1 expression. Moreover, E2F1-overexpressing myocytes failed to exit the cell cycle under differentiation conditions. These results are consistent with the notion that E2F1 can function as an oncogene and further suggest that E2F1 down-regulation is required for myogenic differentiation.


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Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 1995 by the American Association of Cancer Research.