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Cell Growth & Differentiation, Vol 5, Issue 3 239-247, Copyright © 1994 by American Association of Cancer Research


ARTICLES

Protein kinase C and mammary cell differentiation: involvement of protein kinase C alpha in the induction of beta-casein expression

BM Marte, T Meyer, S Stabel, GJ Standke, S Jaken, D Fabbro and NE Hynes
Friedrich Miescher Institute, Basel, Switzerland.

Treatment of HC11 mouse mammary epithelial cells with the lactogenic hormones dexamethasone, insulin, and prolactin (DIP) leads to cellular differentiation and production of the milk protein beta-casein. The following experimental evidence suggests the involvement of protein kinase C (PKC) in DIP induced signal transduction. Down-regulation of PKC by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate or addition of CGP 41251, a selective inhibitor of PKC, inhibited beta-casein protein expression induced by DIP in HC11 cells. This inhibition occurs at the level of transcription, since the DIP mediated activation of a beta-casein promoter-luciferase reporter construct or of mammary gland specific factor (MGF), an essential transcription factor for beta-casein promoter activity, was also inhibited by CGP 41251. Inhibition or down-regulation of PKC reduced the activation of MGF by prolactin as well. PKC-alpha, the only conventional PKC isoform expressed in HC11 cells, is most likely involved in the DIP induced beta-casein expression. (a) Only PKC-alpha and PKC-epsilon are down-regulated by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate whereas PKC-delta and PKC-zeta are not. (b) Of the PKC isoforms expressed in HC11 cells, CGP 41251 inhibits PKC-alpha more potently than PKC-delta, PKC-epsilon, and PKC-zeta. The IC50 for the inhibition of beta-casein synthesis, MGF activation, and beta-casein promoter activity by CGP 41251 correlated well with the IC50 of PKC-alpha inhibition. (c) Finally, only PKC-alpha translocated to membrane fractions after DIP or prolactin treatment. Taken together, these data indicate that PKC-alpha plays an important role in the signaling pathway activated by prolactin during beta-casein induction.


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HOME HELP FEEDBACK SUBSCRIPTIONS ARCHIVE SEARCH TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 1994 by the American Association of Cancer Research.