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Cell Growth & Differentiation, Vol 5, Issue 12 1333-1338, Copyright © 1994 by American Association of Cancer Research


ARTICLES

Oncostatin M activates low density lipoprotein receptor gene transcription in sterol-repressed liver cells

J Liu, RI Grove and RE Vestal
Molecular Pharmacology Research Laboratory, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Boise, Idaho 83702.

Oncostatin M (OM), a cytokine produced by macrophages and activated T cells, has been shown to be a potent inducer of liver low density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) activity by increasing LDL uptake and cell surface LDLR number in HepG2 cells. To investigate whether OM regulates the transcription of the LDLR gene and if the effect is independent of the sterol pathway, we examined the effects of OM on the promoter activity of the LDLR gene and the expression of LDLR mRNA. HepG2 cells were transfected with hybrid genes containing three different lengths of DNA fragments from the 5' flanking region of the LDLR gene that were fused to the coding region of the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) gene. OM induced an approximately 3-fold increase in CAT activities in pLDLR-CAT vector-transfected cells that were incubated in lipoprotein-depleted medium and a 6-fold increase in CAT activities when the transfected cells were treated with sterols. OM stimulated similar increases in CAT activities in HepG2 cells transfected with pLDLR-CAT 234, pLDLR-CAT 1563, and pLDLR-CAT 6500, suggesting that the essential cis-acting element that mediates the OM effect is located within the 177 base pairs upstream of the transcription start site of the LDLR gene. Examination of the regulation of the endogenous LDLR mRNA expression by OM gave results similar to those in transfected cells. OM increased the levels of mRNA of LDLR, regardless of the presence or absence of lipoprotein and sterols. These data suggest that the up-regulation of the LDLR by OM is at the transcriptional level through a nonsterol mediated mechanism.


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Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
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Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 1994 by the American Association of Cancer Research.