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Cell Growth & Differentiation, Vol 5, Issue 11 1215-1223, Copyright © 1994 by American Association of Cancer Research


ARTICLES

Alterations in expression of p56lck during myeloid differentiation of LSTRA cells

A Garcia-Welsh, DL Laskin, CJ Molloy and JD Laskin
Department of Environmental and Community Medicine, UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Piscataway 08854.

The src-related tyrosine kinase p56lck is overexpressed in the mouse leukemia cell line LSTRA. Although p56lck is thought to be a specific T-cell marker, we found that LSTRA cells can be induced to differentiate towards macrophages or granulocytes by the tumor promoter 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate or the cyclic nucleotide analogue, dibutyryl cAMP, respectively. Treatment of LSTRA cells with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate resulted in marked alterations in morphology including increased size, adherence, and spreading on culture dishes. These cells also ceased proliferating, accumulated in G0-G1 and expressed nonspecific esterase activity. In contrast, although LSTRA cells treated with dibutyryl cAMP stopped growing and accumulated in G0-G1, these cells expressed functionally active chemotactic peptide receptors and became irregular and granular in appearance. Differentiation of LSTRA cells was also found to be associated with altered expression of p56lck. Thus, while 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate treatment caused the cells to produce higher molecular weight forms of p56lck, dibutyryl cAMP treatment resulted in increased expression of total p56lck mRNA as well as the more mature type II p56lck mRNA transcript. There were no major alterations in p56lck kinase activity in vitro following differentiation. Phospholipase C gamma and p21rasGAP, two putative substrates for the tyrosine kinase activity of p56lck, were found to be constitutively phosphorylated on tyrosine in LSTRA cells. Tyrosine phosphorylation of these substrates was not altered following differentiation. These results indicate that LSTRA cells are relatively early precursors that have the capacity to develop along the myeloid differentiation pathway.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)





HOME HELP FEEDBACK SUBSCRIPTIONS ARCHIVE SEARCH TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 1994 by the American Association of Cancer Research.