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Cell Growth & Differentiation, Vol 5, Issue 10 1085-1091, Copyright © 1994 by American Association of Cancer Research


ARTICLES

Expression of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-II and IGF-I receptor during proliferation and differentiation of CaCo-2 human colon carcinoma cells

R Zarrilli, S Pignata, M Romano, A Gravina, S Casola, CB Bruni and AM Acquaviva
Centro di Endocrinologia ed Oncologia Sperimentale del C.N.R., Dipartimento di Biologia e Patologia Cellulare e Molecolare L. Califano,Facolta de Medicina e Chirurgia, Universita di Napoli Federico II, Italy.

We have studied the expression of insulin-like growth factor type II (IGF-II) and its autocrine role during the proliferation and differentiation of the CaCo-2 colon carcinoma cell line. IGF-II RNA levels were high in proliferating cells and decreased by more than 10-fold when cells ceased to proliferate and differentiated. Immunoreactive IGF-II protein was high in the conditioned media of proliferating cells and decreased 20-fold in the media of differentiated cells. Reduced IGF-II expression was associated with a decrease in IGF-I receptor number that was high in proliferating cells (approximately 80,000 binding sites/cell) and reduced by 4-fold in differentiated cells. Exogenously added IGF-II was able to stimulate proliferation of serum-deprived cells in a dose-dependent fashion. IGF-II acted through the IGF-I receptor, since both basal and IGF-II-stimulated cell proliferation was inhibited by the monoclonal antibody alpha-IR3, which blocks the binding sites of the IGF-I receptor. The inhibition of CaCo-2 basal cell growth by the alpha-IR3 antibody suggests that IGF-II may act as an autocrine growth factor for these cells.


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Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 1994 by the American Association of Cancer Research.