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Cell Growth & Differentiation, Vol 4, Issue 9 785-792, Copyright © 1993 by American Association of Cancer Research


ARTICLES

Colon carcinoma cells blocked in polarization exhibit increased expression of carcinoembryonic antigen

Z Yan, A Robinson-Saddler, S Winawer and E Friedman
Laboratory of Gastrointestinal Tumor Biology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10021.

Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) is an oncofetal protein whose regulation is poorly understood, although CEA is commonly expressed on many carcinoma cell types and enhances experimental metastases. The abundance of membrane-associated CEA was increased 3-fold when HD6 colon carcinoma cells were prevented from polarizing by culture for 3 days in low calcium medium. Polarization is an early event in HD6 cell differentiation, with the polarized cells forming a tight, laterally adherent monolayer by culture in normal calcium medium. Lateral adherence can occur because 3 days of culture in normal calcium medium increases expression of calcium-dependent intercellular adhesion proteins: a 35-fold increase in membrane abundance of LCAM and a 16-fold increase in membrane abundance of the desmosomal protein desmoglein I. Polarized HD6 cells exhibit low levels of CEA only at their apical luminal surface. Rounded, unpolarized HD6 cells do not exhibit increases in either LCAM or desmoglein I membrane expression, but express increased levels of CEA molecules throughout their cell surface, where they act as intercellular adhesion molecules, allowing unpolarized cells to form random cell to cell contacts. Cells cultured in low calcium medium form calcium-independent cell aggregates whose formation can be blocked by Fab' fragments of anti-CEA monoclonal antibody col-1. The familiar pattern of random, multilayered associations of tumor cells both in vitro and in xenographs in vivo may be due to intercellular adhesion mediated by CEA which is up-regulated and expressed throughout the cell surface of unpolarized tumor cells.


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HOME HELP FEEDBACK SUBSCRIPTIONS ARCHIVE SEARCH TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 1993 by the American Association of Cancer Research.