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Cell Growth & Differentiation, Vol 4, Issue 7 571-579, Copyright © 1993 by American Association of Cancer Research


ARTICLES

Hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor is an autocrine factor for human normal bronchial epithelial and lung carcinoma cells

MS Tsao, H Zhu, A Giaid, J Viallet, T Nakamura and M Park
Department of Pathology, Montreal General Hospital, Quebec, Canada.

Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) or scatter factor (SF) has been considered primarily as an endocrine/paracrine factor. We report here that HGF/SF mRNA was expressed by cultured human normal bronchial epithelial cells and many non-small cell lung carcinoma cell lines. Scatter activity was detected in the culture media of these cells, and this activity was inhibited by a neutralizing anti-recombinant human HGF antiserum. Immunostaining confirmed the presence of immunoreactive human HGF-like protein in the cytoplasm of these cultured cells, and in ciliated columnar epithelium of normal human bronchus/bronchioles. The met/HGF/SF receptor of these cultured cells was constitutively phosphorylated on tyrosine residues. A neutralizing anti-recombinant human HGF antiserum decreased the phosphorylation of the receptor, inhibited the proliferation of 45% of the non-small cell lung carcinoma cell lines studied, and stimulated the proliferation of normal bronchial epithelial cells. Altogether, the data demonstrate that HGF/SF and/or HGF-like protein is an autocrine factor for normal and neoplastic human bronchial epithelial cells in culture.


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HOME HELP FEEDBACK SUBSCRIPTIONS ARCHIVE SEARCH TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 1993 by the American Association of Cancer Research.