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Cell Growth & Differentiation, Vol 4, Issue 6 495-501, Copyright © 1993 by American Association of Cancer Research


ARTICLES

Butyrate rapidly induces growth inhibition and differentiation in HT-29 cells

JA Barnard and G Warwick
Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-2576.

Selected G1 events associated with butyrate-induced differentiation were examined in HT-29 colon adenocarcinoma cells. [3H]Thymidine incorporation by HT-29 cells was decreased to 40% of control levels by treatment with 5 mM butyrate for 24 h, and cell numbers decreased to 21% of control levels after 48 h of treatment. Cells released from butyrate arrest entered S phase approximately 24 h after release, and serum-deprived HT-29 cells escaped growth inhibition if butyrate was added 8 h or more after serum restimulation. Northern analysis of RNA isolated from rapidly growing HT-29 cells showed a marked induction of alkaline phosphatase mRNA expression within 12 h of treatment with 5 mM butyrate. The appearance of alkaline phosphatase mRNA was temporally associated with a 5-fold increase in expression of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) mRNA. Expression of the nuclear protooncogene c-myc began to decrease 30 min after treatment with butyrate and was decreased 4.5-fold 4 h after treatment; however, expression of other immediate-early genes (nup/475 and zif/268) was not significantly affected. Histochemical staining of HT-29 monolayers showed that no cells were positive for alkaline phosphatase protein prior to treatment, and 90% were positive 48 h after treatment. TGF-beta 1 and TGF-beta 2 had no effect on HT-29 cell growth. TGF-beta 1 did not induce alkaline phosphatase mRNA or histochemical positivity. These data indicate that butyrate arrests HT-29 cell growth early in G1.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)


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HOME HELP FEEDBACK SUBSCRIPTIONS ARCHIVE SEARCH TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 1993 by the American Association of Cancer Research.