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Cell Growth & Differentiation, Vol 4, Issue 12 985-991, Copyright © 1993 by American Association of Cancer Research


ARTICLES

Characterization of a third transforming growth factor beta 1 transcript in rat tracheal epithelial cells

LE Ostrowski, TE Gray, SH Randell and P Nettesheim
Laboratory of Pulmonary Pathobiology, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709.

It has been previously reported (R. W. Steigerwalt et al., Mol. Carcinog., 5:32-40, 1992) that primary cultures of rat tracheal epithelial (RTE) cells and immortalized RTE cell lines produce three mRNA transcripts [2.5, 1.9, 1.4 kilobases (kb)] which hybridize to a murine transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) complementary DNA probe. In this report, we show that the 1.9- and 1.4-kb transcripts are not detectable by Northern analysis of resting adult trachea but are induced in regenerating tracheal grafts and tumors formed from transformed RTE cells. Northern analysis of the TGF-beta 1 transcripts with subclones of the murine complementary DNA demonstrate that the 1.4-kb transcript lacks much of the 5' untranslated region (UTR). RNase protection analysis was used to map the transcriptional start site of the 1.4-kb transcript to within 30-40 base pairs of the first ATG codon. No differences in the coding or 3' UTR were detected between the 1.4-kb and the 2.5-kb transcripts. Although RTE cells produce a 1.9-kb TGF-beta 1 mRNA, we were unable to detect a previously reported unique 3' UTR, which we found to be almost identical to a rat mitochondrial ATPase sequence. Because the 1.4-kb transcript is missing most of the long GC-rich 5' UTR, it may be translated at a different rate than the 2.5- and 1.9-kb transcripts, or it may code for an intracellular form of TGF-beta 1. The 1.4-kb transcript has been observed under several conditions of injury or stress and, therefore, may be an important component of the TGF-beta 1 response to these conditions.


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Am. J. Physiol. Lung Cell. Mol. Physiol.Home page
P. D. Potdar, K. L. Andrews, P. Nettesheim, and L. E. Ostrowski
Expression and regulation of gamma -glutamyl transpeptidase-related enzyme in tracheal cells
Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol, November 1, 1997; 273(5): L1082 - L1089.
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]




HOME HELP FEEDBACK SUBSCRIPTIONS ARCHIVE SEARCH TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 1993 by the American Association of Cancer Research.