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Cell Growth & Differentiation, Vol 3, Issue 4 225-232, Copyright © 1992 by American Association of Cancer Research


ARTICLES

Transcriptional control of epidermal growth factor receptor by retinoic acid

ZS Zheng, R Polakowska, A Johnson and LA Goldsmith
Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, Department of Dermatology, New York, New York 10032.

Retinoic acid (RA) and epidermal growth factor (EGF) regulate growth and differentiation of epithelial cells. RA has both direct and indirect effects on gene expression. Direct effects result from modulation of the transcriptional activity of genes, which contain RA response elements (RARE) recognized by trans-acting nuclear RA receptors (RARs). A second indirect mechanism for the modulatory effects of RA is by the induction or repression of growth factors and growth factor receptors. There is evidence for functional interactions between RA and the EGF receptor (EGFR). RA enhances the proliferative response of cultured keratinocytes to EGF, increases the number of EGFRs on the surface of some cells, and induces EGFR promoter activity in most cells. In contrast, immunoprecipitation, Northern blot, and nuclear run-on analysis described in this paper show that RA suppresses EGFR synthesis at the transcriptional level in human epidermoid carcinoma ME180 cells. Deletion analysis of EGFR gene promoter mutants linked to the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase gene revealed the existence of a region of the promoter, -771 to -384, which is responsive to RA. Gel retardation data indicated that a cell-type nuclear protein which binds to this novel element is suppressed by RA in a dose-dependent manner. This decrease coincides with a decreased steady-state level of RAR-gamma mRNA. These data strongly suggest that the EGFR promoter is regulated by RAR-gamma, which itself is under the control of RA. Other cell-specific trans-acting factors may be involved in this regulation.


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HOME HELP FEEDBACK SUBSCRIPTIONS ARCHIVE SEARCH TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 1992 by the American Association of Cancer Research.