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Cell Growth & Differentiation, Vol 3, Issue 2 101-109, Copyright © 1992 by American Association of Cancer Research


ARTICLES

Transforming growth factor beta modulates phosphorylation of the epidermal growth factor receptor and proliferation of A431 cells

T Goldkorn and J Mendelsohn
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10021.

Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) increased the phosphorylation of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor and inhibited the growth of A431 cells. Incubation with TGF-beta induced maximal EGF receptor phosphorylation to levels 1.5-fold higher than controls. Phosphorylation increased more prominently (4-5-fold) on tyrosine residues as determined by phosphoamino acid analysis and antiphosphotyrosine antibody immunoblotting. The kinase activity of EGF receptor was also elevated 2.5-fold when cells were cultured in the presence of TGF-beta. The antiproliferative effect of TGF-beta on A431 cells was accompanied by prolongation of G0-G1 phase and by morphological changes. TGF-beta augmented the growth inhibition of A431 cells which could be induced by EGF. In parallel, the specific EGF-induced increase in total phosphorylation of the EGF receptor was also augmented in the presence of TGF-beta. In cells cultured with TGF-beta, the phosphorylation of EGF receptor tyrosines induced by 20-min exposure to EGF was further increased 2-3-fold, suggesting additive effects upon receptor phosphorylation. EGF receptor activation by TGF-beta is characterized by kinetics quite distinct from that induced by EGF and therefore appears to take place through an independent mechanism. The TGF-beta-induced elevation in the phosphorylation of the EGF receptor may have a role in the augmented growth inhibition of A431 cells observed in the presence of EGF and TGF-beta.


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HOME HELP FEEDBACK SUBSCRIPTIONS ARCHIVE SEARCH TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 1992 by the American Association of Cancer Research.