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Cell Growth & Differentiation, Vol 3, Issue 1 63-71, Copyright © 1992 by American Association of Cancer Research


ARTICLES

The int-2 gene product acts as a growth factor and substitutes for basic fibroblast growth factor in promoting the differentiation of a normal mouse mammary epithelial cell line

T Venesio, D Taverna, NE Hynes, R Deed, D MacAllan, F Ciardiello, EM Valverius, DS Salomon, R Callahan and G Merlo
National Cancer Institute, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland 20892.

We have investigated the effect of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and the related int-2 gene on the growth, transformation, and differentiation of HC11 mouse mammary epithelial cells. We show that in HC11 cells infected with int-2 retroviral expression vectors, the int-2 protein can function as a bFGF-like growth factor in stimulating: (a) HC11 cell proliferation in monolayer, (b) anchorage-independent growth in soft agar, and (c) soft agar growth of the bFGF-responsive SW13 tumor cell line. These effects are observed irrespective of whether the int-2 protein is expressed in its wild-type form or is linked to a signal peptide. A candidate bFGF receptor, which is the product of the flg gene and which may recognize the int-2 protein, is expressed at high levels in HC11 cells. Following epidermal growth factor or bFGF priming and subsequent treatment with lactogenic hormones, all of the int-2 infected and the parental HC11 cells synthesize similar levels of beta-casein. However, the autocrine expression of int-2 in HC11 cells abrogates their requirement for either exogenous epidermal growth factor or bFGF priming. These data suggest that, in HC11 cells, the growth factor activity of the int-2 gene is indistinguishable from that of bFGF and does not interfere with the mammary cell differentiation program associated with lactogenesis.


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R. Chammas, D. Taverna, N. Cella, C. Santos, and N. E. Hynes
Laminin and tenascin assembly and expression regulate HC11 mouse mammary cell differentiation
J. Cell Sci., April 1, 1994; 107(4): 1031 - 1040.
[Abstract] [PDF]




HOME HELP FEEDBACK SUBSCRIPTIONS ARCHIVE SEARCH TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 1992 by the American Association of Cancer Research.