CG&D
HOME HELP FEEDBACK SUBSCRIPTIONS ARCHIVE SEARCH TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation

This Article
Right arrow Full Text (PDF)
Right arrow Alert me when this article is cited
Right arrow Alert me if a correction is posted
Services
Right arrow Similar articles in this journal
Right arrow Similar articles in PubMed
Right arrow Alert me to new issues of the journal
Right arrow Download to citation manager
Right arrow
Citing Articles
Right arrow Citing Articles via Google Scholar
Google Scholar
Right arrow Articles by Kumar, C. C.
Right arrow Articles by Chang, C.
Right arrow Search for Related Content
PubMed
Right arrow PubMed Citation
Right arrow Articles by Kumar, C. C.
Right arrow Articles by Chang, C.

Cell Growth & Differentiation, Vol 3, Issue 1 1-10, Copyright © 1992 by American Association of Cancer Research


ARTICLES

Human smooth muscle myosin light chain-2 gene expression is repressed in ras transformed fibroblast cells

CC Kumar and C Chang
Department of Tumor Biology, Schering-Plough Research, Bloomfield, New Jersey 07003.

We have previously characterized human smooth muscle myosin light chain (MLC)-2 isoform by complementary DNA cloning and have shown that this isoform is expressed in a number of nonmuscle cells such as fibroblast cells. In this report, we show that when human osteosarcoma derived clonal cells (TE 85 clone F-5) (HOS), which are immortalized and nontumorigenic, undergo transformation following infection by Kirsten murine sarcoma virus (K-HOS) or by a chemical carcinogen [N-methyl-N-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG-HOS)], the smooth muscle MLC-2 mRNA is repressed. Revertants of transformed K-HOS cells (K-HOS312H) show normal levels of smooth muscle MLC-2 mRNA. Transformation of HOS cells by Ha-ras oncogene sequences, either by retroviral infection or by transfection followed by selection for tumorigenic cells in nude mice, results in complete repression of smooth muscle MLC-2 mRNA level. Treatment of HOS cells with tumor promoting phorbol ester, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate, results in repression of smooth muscle MLC-2 mRNA. Smooth muscle MLC-2 mRNA level is repressed in many, but not all, transformed cell lines, suggesting that it is not an indirect consequence of transformation but is specific to the agent that brings about transformation. HOS cells synthesize three MLC-2 protein species resolved by the two-dimensional gel electrophoretic system. The identity of the smooth muscle MLC-2 isoform was established by coelectrophoresis of the in vitro synthesized MLC-2 protein corresponding to the cloned complementary DNA in the two-dimensional gel system along with total [35S]methionine labeled HOS cell proteins. Quantitative analysis of MLC-2 isoforms in different HOS cells indicates that the synthesis of smooth muscle MLC-2 isoform is specifically repressed to an undetectable level in ras transformed and MNNG transformed cells and also following treatment with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate.





HOME HELP FEEDBACK SUBSCRIPTIONS ARCHIVE SEARCH TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 1992 by the American Association of Cancer Research.