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Cell Growth & Differentiation, Vol 2, Issue 7 343-349, Copyright © 1991 by American Association of Cancer Research


ARTICLES

p34cdc2 is physically associated with and phosphorylated by a cdc2-specific tyrosine kinase

DK Ferris, GA White, DJ Kelvin, TD Copeland, CC Li and DL Longo
Biological Carcinogenesis and Development Program, Program Resources, Inc./DynCorp, Frederick, Maryland.

The mammalian homologue of the yeast cdc2 gene encodes a 34-kilodalton serine/threonine kinase that is a subunit of M phase-promoting factor. Recent studies have shown that p34cdc2 is also a major tyrosine-phosphorylated protein in HeLa cells and that its phosphotyrosine content is cell cycle regulated and related to its kinase activity. Here, we show that cdc2 is physically associated with and phosphorylated in vitro by a highly specific tyrosine kinase. Tyrosine phosphorylation of cdc2 in vitro occurs at tyrosine 15, the same site that is phosphorylated in vivo. The association between the two kinases takes place in the cytosolic compartment and involves cyclin B-associated cdc2. Evidence is presented that a substantial fraction of cytosolic cdc2 is hypophosphorylated, whereas nuclear cdc2 is hyperphosphorylated. Finally, we show that the tyrosine kinase associated with cdc2 may be a 67-kilodalton protein and is distinct from src, abl, fms, and other previously reported tyrosine kinases.





HOME HELP FEEDBACK SUBSCRIPTIONS ARCHIVE SEARCH TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 1991 by the American Association of Cancer Research.