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Cell Growth & Differentiation, Vol 2, Issue 7 317-322, Copyright © 1991 by American Association of Cancer Research


ARTICLES

Malignant transformation of mouse BALB/3T3 cells by polyoma middle T antigen requires epidermal growth factor receptor expression

M Ono, M Kuwano and HF Kung
Department of Biochemistry, Oita Medical School, Japan.

The mouse cell line MO-5, which is defective in receptor-binding activity of epidermal growth factor (EGF), is very poorly transformed by polyoma middle T antigen or v-src gene, but activated c-H-ras and v-mos gene can induce the transformation (M. Ono, M. Yakushinji, K. Segawa, and M. Kuwano, Mol. Cell. Biol., 8: 4190-4196, 1988). We established clones of MO-5 expressing a functional EGF receptor (EGF-R) after introduction of the human EGF-R complementary DNA into MO-5 (MNER23 and MNER31), and we also established a clone (BNER4) expressing human EGF-R from the parental cell line, BALB/3T3. MNER23, MNER31, and BNER4 expressed EGF-R activity at about 2- to 6-fold higher levels than did control BALB/3T3 cells. A marked increase in DNA synthesis in response to EGF was observed in these BNER4, MNER23, and MNER31 cell lines compared to BALB/3T3 cells; however, there was little if any increase in DNA synthesis of MO-5 in the presence of EGF. Introduction of the polyoma middle T antigen gene into BALB/3T3, BNER4, MNER23, and MNER31 resulted in the appearance of transformation foci, but MO-5 again showed little response. We purified clones B4-mT-2, M23-mT-1, M23-mT-2, M23-mT-3, and M31-mT-13 from transformation foci of BNER4, MNER23, and MNER31 cells, which were respectively transfected with the middle T antigen. All of the middle T antigen-positive transfectants demonstrated abilities to form both colonies in soft agar and tumors in nude mice. The presence of EGF-R appears to be indispensable for malignant transformation by polyoma middle T antigen.


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A. Hirata, S.-i. Ogawa, T. Kometani, T. Kuwano, S. Naito, M. Kuwano, and M. Ono
ZD1839 (Iressa) Induces Antiangiogenic Effects through Inhibition of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Tyrosine Kinase
Cancer Res., May 1, 2002; 62(9): 2554 - 2560.
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]




HOME HELP FEEDBACK SUBSCRIPTIONS ARCHIVE SEARCH TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 1991 by the American Association of Cancer Research.