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Cell Growth & Differentiation, Vol 2, Issue 12 637-643, Copyright © 1991 by American Association of Cancer Research


ARTICLES

Bone marrow extracellular matrix induces HL-60 cells to produce an autonomous differentiation factor

S Mane, JC Winkelmann and SD Luikart
Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis 55455.

Conditioned medium from cultures of HL-60 myeloid leukemia cells grown on extracellular bone marrow matrix induces macrophage-like differentiation of fresh HL-60 cells. The active medium component is sensitive to protease treatment, indicating that it is a protein, but it is heat stable. Conditioned medium from HL-60 cells grown on protease-treated bone marrow matrix still contains the active component. Thus, it appears that the differentiation-inducing protein is produced by HL-60 cells and is not released from the bone marrow matrix. To identify this differentiation factor, RNA was isolated from HL-60 cells grown on bone marrow matrix and assayed by Northern analysis for expression of mRNA for human differentiation factor, tumor necrosis factor, and macrophage colony-stimulating factor, all inducers of monocyte/macrophage differentiation. Expression of differentiation factor, tumor necrosis factor, or macrophage colony-stimulating factor mRNA was not enhanced in HL-60 cells grown on matrix compared to cells grown on uncoated plastic flasks. Thus, the maturation factor does not appear to be differentiation factor, tumor necrosis factor, or macrophage colony-stimulating factor within the limits of detection of Northern analysis. Elution of the active conditioned medium fraction on a Sephacryl S-200 column revealed a molecular weight of approximately 40,000. The active protein eluted on a DEAE-cellulose ion-exchange column at an ionic strength of 0.3 M NaCl, indicating that it is fairly anionic. Thus, bone marrow matrix is able to induce HL-60 cells to produce a maturation-inducing 40 kilodalton protein.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)





HOME HELP FEEDBACK SUBSCRIPTIONS ARCHIVE SEARCH TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 1991 by the American Association of Cancer Research.