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Cell Growth & Differentiation, Vol 2, Issue 11 593-602, Copyright © 1991 by American Association of Cancer Research


ARTICLES

Secretion of an epidermal growth factor-like growth factor by epidermal growth factor-independent rat mammary carcinoma cells

SP Ethier, R Moorthy and CA Dilts
Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor 48109-0582.

Rat mammary carcinoma (RMC) cells derived from serially transplantable mammary tumors are independent of epidermal growth factor (EGF) for long-term growth in serum-free medium. This phenotype is in contrast to that of normal mammary epithelial cells or cells derived from nontransplantable tumors that express an absolute requirement for EGF for growth in culture. The results of the experiments reported here indicate that EGF-independent RMC cells secrete a growth factor with potent EGF-like mitogenic activity. Conditioned media obtained from these cells can substitute for EGF for the growth of the EGF-dependent cell line MCF-10. This growth factor is neither EGF nor transforming growth factor alpha and does not compete with 125I-EGF for binding to EGF receptors. Phosphotyrosine Western blot analysis of lysates obtained from EGF-independent RMC cells revealed the presence of a 190 kilodalton (kDa) protein that was distinct from the EGF receptor. Similarly, growth of MCF-10 cells to confluence in serum-free medium supplemented with conditioned medium growth factor in place of EGF resulted in the disappearance of the EGF receptor band and appearance of the 190 kDa band in phosphotyrosine Western blots. The 190 kDa tyrosine-phosphorylated protein detected in cells stimulated by the conditioned medium factor is unlikely to be the c-erbB-2 protein, as indicated by negative results in immunoprecipitation experiments and in vitro kinase assays. In summary, EGF-independent RMC cells secrete a factor with potent EGF-like mitogenic activity. This suggests that an autocrine loop involving this growth factor mediates EGF independence in these cells.


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HOME HELP FEEDBACK SUBSCRIPTIONS ARCHIVE SEARCH TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 1991 by the American Association of Cancer Research.