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Cell Growth & Differentiation Vol. 13, 325-333, July 2002
© 2002 American Association for Cancer Research

Both {alpha} and ß Isoforms of Mammalian DNA Topoisomerase II Associate with Chromosomes in Mitosis1

Allison P. Null2, Joanna Hudson and Gary J. Gorbsky3

Department of Cell Biology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73104

Two isoforms of DNA topoisomerase II, {alpha} and ß, coded byseparate genes, are expressed in actively cycling vertebratecells. Some previous studies have suggested that only topoisomerase II{alpha} remains associated with chromosomes at mitosis. Here, the distributions of topoisomerase II{alpha} and ß in mitosis were studied by subcellular fractionation and by immunolocalization. Both isoforms of topoisomerase II were found to remain associated with mitotic chromatin. Topoisomerase II{alpha} was distributed along chromosome arms throughout mitosis and was highly concentrated at centromeres until mid-anaphase, particularly in some cell types. Topoisomerase IIß showed weak concentration at centromeres in early mitosis in some cell types and was distributed along chromosome arms at every stage of mitosis through telophase. These studies suggest that in most cells both the major topoisomerase II isoforms may play roles in chromatin remodeling during M phase.




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Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 2002 by the American Association of Cancer Research.