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Cell Growth & Differentiation Vol. 13, 59-67, February 2002
© 2002 American Association for Cancer Research

SV40 T Antigen and Telomerase Are Required to Obtain Immortalized Human Adult Bone Cells without Loss of the Differentiated Phenotype

Christian Darimont, Ornella Avanti, Yvonne Tromvoukis, Patricia Vautravers-Leone, Nori Kurihara, G. David Roodman, Lorel M. Colgin, Heide Tullberg-Reinert, Andrea M. A. Pfeifer, Elizabeth A. Offord and Katherine Mace1

Nestle Research Center, 1000 Lausanne 26, Switzerland [C. D., O. A., Y. T., P. V-L., A. M. A. P.]; University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260 [N. K., G. D. R.]; Children’s Medical Research Institute, Westmead 2145, New South Wales, Australia [L. M. C.]; and Institute of Pathology, University Hospital Basel, 4003 Basel, Switzerland [H. T-R.]

In most human primary bone cells, SV40 T-antigen expression was able to expand life span for a few passages before cells undergo growth arrest, described as crisis. In this study, telomerase activity was reconstituted in human osteoblast precursors (hPOB cells) and marrow stromal cells (Saka cells) transformed with the SV40 T antigen. Bone cells with telomerase activity were able to bypass crisis and show unlimited life span. Despite chromosomal aberrations observed in hPOB-tert cells, these immortalized precursors were able to differentiate into osteoblasts like precrisis hPOB cells. Saka-tert cells enhanced the formation of human osteoclast-like cells in a similar manner as Saka cells. These results demonstrate that reconstitution of telomerase activity in transformed SV40 T-antigen human osteoblast precursors or marrow stromal cells leads to the generation of immortalized cells with a preserved phenotype.




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Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 2002 by the American Association of Cancer Research.