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Cell Growth & Differentiation Vol. 12, 435-445, August 2001
© 2001 American Association for Cancer Research

Inducible Expression of the Megakarocyte-specific Gene Glycoprotein IX Is Mediated through an Ets Binding Site and Involves Upstream Activation of Extracellular Signal-regulated Kinase1

Michael Eisbacher, Levon M. Khachigian2, Thet Hta Khin, Melissa L. Holmes and Beng H. Chong2,, 3

The Centre for Thrombosis and Vascular Research, School of Pathology, University of New South Wales and Department of Medicine, St. George Hospital, Sydney, NSW 2217 Australia

Glycoprotein IX is a megakaryocyte-specific gene crucial for adequate and functional expression of the Glycoprotein Ib-IX complex. This study used phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) and thrombopoietin (TPO)-induced differentiation of Dami and UT-7 cells, respectively, to investigate the regulation of inducible Glycoprotein IX expression during megakaryocyte differentiation. PMA and TPO were able to modulate GPIX expression at mRNA and protein levels. Transient transfection studies using nested 5'-deletions and mutations of the GPIX promoter demonstrated the absolute requirement of an inverted Ets site 5'-ACTTCCT-3' for inducible reporter gene expression. The upstream signaling events associated with PMA and TPO-inducible expression of GPIX were also investigated. The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase inhibitor PD98059 inhibited both PMA and TPO-inducible reporter activity in a dose-dependent manner, whereas inhibition of p38/MAPK had no significant effect. The protein kinase C inhibitor GF109203X failed to inhibit TPO-activation of the GPIX promoter in UT-7 cells. This study demonstrates that inducible expression in response to either PMA or TPO is mediated through the Ets site in the proximal promoter of GPIX and is dependent upon the upstream activation of MAPK/extracellular signal-regulated kinase.




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Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
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