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Cell Growth & Differentiation Vol. 12, 307-318, June 2001
© 2001 American Association for Cancer Research

Identification of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor- Grb2-associated Binder-1-SHP-2 Complex Formation and Its Functional Loss during Neoplastic Cell Progression

Hideto Kameda, John I. Risinger, Bing-Bing Han, Seung Joon Baek, J. Carl Barrett, Wayne C. Glasgow and Thomas E. Eling1

Laboratory of Molecular Carcinogenesis, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, NIH, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709 [H. K., J. I. R., B-B. H., S. J. B., J. C. B., T. E. E.], and Division of Basic Medical Sciences, Mercer University School of Medicine, Macon, Georgia 31207 [W. C. G.]

The adaptor protein Grb2-associated binder-1 (Gab1) is known to bind to the SHP-2 tyrosine phosphatase on epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor stimulation. To clarify the roles of these two proteins in EGF receptor (EGFR) signaling and determine their possible alteration during neoplastic cell progression, we studied these proteins in a Syrian hamster embryo (SHE) cell line model of neoplastic progression. Specifically, we used asbestos-transformed SHE fibroblasts: the 10W+8 clone, which is immortal but nontumorigenic; and the 10W2T clone, which is tumorigenic. Gab1 was detected, and the EGF-dependent formation of the EGFR-Gab1-SHP-2 complex was observed in 10W+8 cells. After cloning hamster Gab1 cDNA, exogenous expression of Gab1 significantly enhanced EGF-dependent mitogenic activity in 10W+8 cells. On the other hand, Gab1 was not detected in 10W2T cells, and the EGF-dependent association of SHP-2 with EGFR was also absent. Exogenous Gab1 expression in transfected 10W2T cells restored the EGF-dependent association of SHP-2 with EGFR, although it only showed a marginal effect on EGF-dependent mitogenic activity. Thus, Gab1 plays a pivotal role in the EGFR signaling pathway via the formation of the EGFR-Gab1-SHP-2 complex, and alteration in the expression and function of Gab1 is implicated in the neoplastic progression of SHE cells.




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Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 2001 by the American Association of Cancer Research.