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Cell Growth & Differentiation Vol. 12, 613-622, December 2001
© 2001 American Association for Cancer Research

Human T-Cell Leukemia Virus Type 1 Tax Protein Inhibits the Expression of the Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factor MyoD in Muscle Cells

Maintenance of Proliferation and Repression of Differentiation1

Patrice Riou, Marie Vandromme and Louis Gazzolo2

Unité Mixte de Recherche 5537 Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique-Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Faculté de Médecine RTH Laennec, 69372 Lyon Cedex 08 [P. R., L. G.], and Institut de Génétique Humaine, UPR 1142, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 34396 Montpellier [M. V.], France

Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 Tax protein, a transcriptional activator of viral expression, promotes uncontrolled cellular proliferation. In this report, we show that Tax-expressing myoblasts do not exit the cell cycle and fail to differentiate into myotubes despite the deprivation of serum. In these cells, which displayed unchanged levels of the ubiquitous basic helix-loop-helix E2A factors and Id proteins, Tax was found to target the muscle-specific basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor MyoD. The Tax-induced increase in cyclin-dependent kinase 2 activity correlated with the phosphorylation of MyoD. However, the half-life of this hyperphosphorylated form of MyoD increased in Tax-expressing myoblasts, contrary to that in control cells. Furthermore, MyoD mRNA levels were reduced in Tax-expressing cells. Tax was found to repress MyoD expression at the transcriptional step by preventing MyoD from activating its own transcription. Interestingly, overexpression of the transcriptional coactivator p300 restored the capacity of Tax-expressing muscle cells to differentiate. These observations underscore the critical effect of the trans-repressing ability of Tax on the MyoD-controlled proliferation and differentiation processes of the myoblast lineage.




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HOME HELP FEEDBACK SUBSCRIPTIONS ARCHIVE SEARCH TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 2001 by the American Association of Cancer Research.