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Cell Growth & Differentiation Vol. 11, 149-156, March 2000
© 2000 American Association for Cancer Research

Role and Regulation of p53 during an Ultraviolet Radiation-induced G1 Cell Cycle Arrest1

Rory K. Geyer, Hatsumi Nagasawa, John B. Little and Carl G. Maki2

Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Cancer Cell Biology, Boston, Massachusetts 02115

p53 can play a key role in response to DNA damage by activating a G1 cell cycle arrest. However, the importance of p53 in the cell cycle response to UV radiation is unclear. In this study, we used normal and repair-deficient cells to examine the role and regulation of p53 in response to UV radiation. A dose-dependent G1 arrest was observed in normal and repair-deficient cells exposed to UV. Expression of HPV16-E6, or a dominant-negative p53 mutant that inactivates wild-type p53, caused cells to become resistant to this UV-induced G1 arrest. However, a G1 to S-phase delay was still observed after UV treatment of cells in which p53 was inactivated. These results indicate that UV can inhibit G1 to S-phase progression through p53-dependent and independent mechanisms. Cells deficient in the repair of UV-induced DNA damage were more susceptible to a G1 arrest after UV treatment than cells with normal repair capacity. Moreover, no G1 arrest was observed in cells that had completed DNA repair prior to monitoring their movement from G1 into S-phase. Finally, p53 was stabilized under conditions of a UV-induced G1 arrest and unstable when cells had completed DNA repair and progressed from G1 into S-phase. These results suggest that unrepaired DNA damage is the signal for the stabilization of p53, and a subsequent G1 phase cell cycle arrest in UV-irradiated cells.




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Copyright © 2000 by the American Association of Cancer Research.