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Cell Growth & Differentiation Vol. 10, 423-434, June 1999
© 1999 American Association for Cancer Research

Oncogene Expression Cloning by Retroviral Transduction of Adenovirus E1A-immortalized Rat Kidney RK3E Cells: Transformation of a Host with Epithelial Features by c-MYC and the Zinc Finger Protein GKLF1

K. Wade Foster, Songrong Ren2, Iuri D. Louro, Susan M. Lobo-Ruppert, Peggy McKie-Bell, William Grizzle, Martha R. Hayes, Thomas R. Broker, Louise T. Chow and J. Michael Ruppert3

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics [K. W. F., S. R., I. D. L., S. M. L-R., M. R. H., T. R. B., L. T. C., J. M. R.], Division of Hematology/Oncology, Department of Medicine [P. M-B., J. M. R.], Department of Pathology [W. G.], and Oral Cancer Research Center and Comprehensive Cancer Center [W. G., T. R. B., L. T. C., J. M. R.], University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294-3300

The function of several known oncogenes is restricted to specific host cells in vitro, suggesting that new genes may be identified by using alternate hosts. RK3E cells exhibit characteristics of epithelia and are susceptible to transformation by the G protein RAS and the zinc finger protein GLI. Expression cloning identified the major transforming activities in squamous cell carcinoma cell lines as c-MYC and the zinc finger protein gut-enriched Krüppel-like factor (GKLF)/epithelial zinc finger. In oral squamous epithelium, GKLF expression was detected in the upper, differentiating cell layers. In dysplastic epithelium, expression was prominently increased and was detected diffusely throughout the entire epithelium, indicating that GKLF is misexpressed in the basal compartment early during tumor progression. The results demonstrate transformation of epithelioid cells to be a sensitive and specific assay for oncogenes activated during tumorigenesis in vivo, and identify GKLF as an oncogene that may function as a regulator of proliferation or differentiation in epithelia.




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Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 1999 by the American Association of Cancer Research.