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Cell Growth & Differentiation Vol. 10, 413-422, June 1999
© 1999 American Association for Cancer Research

Bovine Papillomavirus E2 Protein Activates a Complex Growth-inhibitory Program in p53-negative HT-3 Cervical Carcinoma Cells that Includes Repression of Cyclin A and cdc25A Phosphatase Genes and Accumulation of Hypophosphorylated Retinoblastoma Protein1

Lisa K. Naeger2,, 3, Edward C. Goodwin2, Eun-Seong Hwang4, Rosa Anna DeFilippis, Hui Zhang and Daniel DiMaio5

Department of Genetics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06510

The bovine papillomavirus E2 protein can inhibit the proliferation of HT-3 cells, a p53-negative cervical carcinoma cell line containing integrated human papillomavirus type 30 DNA. Here, we analyzed HT-3 cells to explore the mechanism of p53-independent E2-mediated growth inhibition. Expression of the E2 protein repressed expression of the endogenous human papillomavirus type 30 E6/E7 genes. This was accompanied by hypophosphorylation and increased accumulation of p105Rb and repression of E2F1 expression. The E2 protein also caused reduced cyclin-dependent kinase (cdk) 2 activity, but this did not appear to be due to increased expression of cdk inhibitors. Rather, expression of cyclin A, which regulates cdk2 activity, and the cdc25A and cdc25B phosphatases, which are thought to activate cdk2, was significantly reduced at both the RNA and protein levels in response to E2 expression. The E2 protein reduced expression of cdc25A and cdc25B in both HT-3 and HeLa cells, but not in cells that were not growth-inhibited by the E2 protein. E2 point mutants unable to inhibit cell growth did not repress cdc25A and cdc25B expression, nor did the cell cycle inhibitors hydroxyurea and mimosine. Based on these results and the known properties of cell cycle components, we propose a model to account for E2-induced growth inhibition of cervical carcinoma cell lines.




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Copyright © 1999 by the American Association of Cancer Research.