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Cell Growth & Differentiation Vol. 10, 93-100, February 1999
© 1999 American Association for Cancer Research

Retardation of Cell Proliferation after Expression of p202 Accompanies an Increase in p21WAF1/CIP11

Jordan U. Gutterman and Divaker Choubey2

Department of Molecular Oncology, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 [J. U. G., D. C.], and Department of Radiotherapy, Loyola University Chicago-Hines VAMC, Hines, Illinois 60141 [D. C.]

p202 is an IFN-inducible, primarily nuclear, phosphoprotein (52-kDa) whose constitutive overexpression in transfected cells inhibits colony formation. To investigate the molecular mechanism(s) by which expression of p202 protein impairs colony formation, we established stable cell lines that inducibly express p202. Using this cell model, we demonstrate that the induced expression of p202 in asynchronous cultures of these cells was accompanied by: (a) an increase in steady-state levels of p21WAF1/CIP1/SDI1 (p21) mRNA and protein; (b) a decrease in Cdk2 protein kinase activity; and (c) an increase in the functional form of retinoblastoma protein (pRb). Transient transfection of a p202-encoding plasmid in Saos-2 cells, which do not harbor a wild-type p53 protein, resulted in an increase in p21 protein, which indicated that p202 could regulate expression of p21 protein independent of p53 protein. Moreover, we demonstrate that expression of p202 in these cells increased cell doubling time without accumulation of cells in a particular phase of the cell cycle. Taken together, these results are consistent with the possibility that p202 protein contributes to the cell growth retardation activity of the IFNs, at least in part, by modulating p21 protein levels.




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Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 1999 by the American Association of Cancer Research.