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Cell Growth & Differentiation Vol. 10, 685-694, October 1999
© 1999 American Association for Cancer Research


Articles

Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription 5a Influences Mammary Epithelial Cell Survival and Tumorigenesis1

Robin C. Humphreys2 and Lothar Hennighausen

Laboratory of Genetics and Physiology, National Institute of Digestive, Diabetes and Kidney Disease, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland 20892

Abstract

The mammary gland undergoes extensive tissue remodeling and cell death at the end of lactation in a process known as involution. We present evidence that the prolactin-activated transcription factor signal transducer and activator of transcription 5a (Stat5a) has a crucial role in the regulation of cell death during mammary gland involution. In a transforming growth factor-{alpha} transgenic mouse model that exhibited delayed mammary gland involution, the absence of Stat5a facilitated involution-associated changes in morphology of the gland and the extent and timing of programmed cell death. These Stat5a-dependent changes also affected epidermal growth factor receptor-initiated mammary gland tumorigenesis. Overexpression of the transforming growth factor {alpha} transgene in the mammary epithelium reproducibly generated mammary hyperplasia and tumors. In the presence of the activated epidermal growth factor receptor, deletion of Stat5a delayed initial hyperplasia and mammary tumor development by 6 weeks. These observations demonstrate that Stat5a is a survival factor, and its presence is required for the epithelium of the mammary gland to resist regression and involution-mediated apoptosis. We also suggest that Stat5a is one of the antecedent, locally acting molecules that initiate the process of epithelial regression and reorganization during involution.




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HOME HELP FEEDBACK SUBSCRIPTIONS ARCHIVE SEARCH TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 1999 by the American Association of Cancer Research.