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Cell Growth & Differentiation, Vol 1, Issue 11 519-526, Copyright © 1990 by American Association of Cancer Research


ARTICLES

An exogenous albumin promoter can become silent in dedifferentiated hepatoma variants as well as intertypic hybrids

PO Angrand, S Kallenbach, MC Weiss and JP Rousset
Departement de Biologie Moleculaire, URA 1149 du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.

In order to evaluate the ability of an exogenous tissue-specific promoter to undergo the same dynamic changes in activity as the endogenous one, a 400-base pair fragment of the rat albumin proximal promoter, upstream of the bacterial gpt gene, has been introduced into rat hepatoma cells. Four clones containing a single integrated copy of the construct and producing substantial amounts of albumin and of xanthine phosphoribosyltransferase were isolated. These clones were subjected to two treatments known to result in silencing of the albumin gene: selection for dedifferentiated variants, and fusion with L-cell fibroblasts. In most cases, the albumin-negative progeny obtained no longer expressed the gpt gene: the exogenous promoter of 400 base pairs must contain the sequences required to respond to the mechanisms that block activity of the endogenous gene. However, exceptions were observed: the albumin-deficient variants of one clone remained xanthine phosphoribosyltransferase positive, and some of the albumin-negative hybrids from a different clone continued to produce xanthine phosphoribosyltransferase. These cases of dissociation in expression of the endogenous and the exogenous genes indicate that the site of integration of the alb-gpt construct in one clone renders the sequences insensitive to the mechanisms responsible for albumin gene silencing in dedifferentiated variants, and in the other clone to the mechanism of extinction. Consequently, the mechanisms causing gene silencing in variants and in intertypic hybrids must be different.


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Cancer Research Clinical Cancer Research
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Molecular Cancer Research Cell Growth & Differentiation
Copyright © 1990 by the American Association of Cancer Research.